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Nigeria has continued to play her role in peace support operations under the auspices of the UN, AU and ECOWAS. She is one of the troop-contributing countries with vast field countries. Nigeria was once the largest troop-contributing nation on the continent and the fifth largest in the World to UNO PSO in 2013. Nigeria operates mainly within the sphere of troop contributors, but her status is declining when other countries like Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Rwanda, among others, are reaping enormous political and financial gain from their significant contributions to PSO. It is expected that Nigeria should rise to new levels of peacekeeping not just participating by way of deploying Nigerian troops as part of UN obligation to maintain peace and security in various parts of the world, but strategically utilizing her field experiences to shape new thinking on peacekeeping. This article answered some of the questions raised. Its source of data was essentially secondary literature, involving books, journals and articles on the subject matter. There is absence of coherent model for meeting contingent owned equipment requirements in adherence to UN standards, while the flow of information and communication between MOD and MFA as regard PSO is also incoherent. There is also an absence of a National Policy on PSO even though there has been a draft since 2010. Finally, Nigeria’s participation in Peace Support Operations, together with her experiences and reputation, confers on her a credible case to lead new thinking about peace support operations, even though complex challenges may make it difficult for Nigeria to be recognized to take such lead
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