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Critical concerns for ameliorating the suffering of victims during conflicts motivated the principles and practices of humanitarian assistance, intervention and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). This paper therefore appraised the Syrian conflict against the background of its consequent humanitarian crises and the corresponding critical gaps in humanitarian intervention praxis. The Syrian armed conflict was motivated by the Arab Spring and began with the demonstrations against the Assad regime. The conflict is not just an endless struggle over control of the Syrian state but also a war without regards for International Humanitarian Law (IHL). We argued that the apathy by UN Security Council (UNSC) to confront the Syrian crisis defied the canons of international law. Highlighted prospects for a humanitarian intervention in Syria under the R2P by the UNSC and drew lessons for the African continent. It was concluded that global peace and security is confronted with emerging threats from previously well-intentioned concepts such as humanitarian intervention and the R2P which until the Syrian conflict were almost incontrovertible.
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